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DELHI SIGHTSEEING

 

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Red Fort
India Gate
Qutub Minar
Old Fort
Bahai Temple
Jantar Mantar
Safdarjung Tomb
Birla Mandir
Dilli Haat
Rashtrapati Bhavan
Museums
Iskcon Temple

VIJAYGHAT
RAJGHAT
Some other places worth visiting in Delhi


Red Fort


Red Fort is laid outalong the river Yamuna as an irregular octagon , surrounded by a wall of about 2.4 km in circumference and is built of red sandstone. The Mughal king Shah Jahan transfered the capital from Agra to Delhi and the Fort was completed in 1648. The fort has two main entrances , the Delhi Gate and the Lahori Gate which faces the famed Chandni Chowk market. The Fort has Diwan-e-am, and Diwan-e-Khas where the king would grant audience to the public and would grant audience to important people respectively . Besides this is the Rang Mahal, the water cooled Apartment for the royal ladies. In the basement of the fort is a market where traditional Indian goods can be purchased at nominal rates . Another attraction is Light and Sound show held in the evenings.


India Gate, Delhi


Straight down the road from Rashtrapati Bhavan is India Gate which is primarily a memorial to unknown soldier. Designed by Lutyens , the 42 meter high structure is a war memorial in honour of soldiers who died during the second World War. The structure has an eternal flame (Amar Jawan Jyoti) to honour the memory of the unknown soldiers.

 


Qutub Minar


The origins of Qutub Minar are shoruded in controversy. Some believe that it was built as a tower of victory to signify the beginning of the Muslim rule in India. Others say it served as a minaret to the adjoining mosque and was used by the muezzins to call the faithful to prayer. However, no one disputes that the tower is not only one of the finest monuments in India, but also in the world.

Qutab-ud-din Aibak, the first Muslim ruler of Delhi, commenced the construction of the Qutub Minar in A.D. 1193, but could only complete its basement. His successor, Iltutmush, added three more stories, and in 1368, Firoz Shah Tuglak constructed the fifth and the last storey. The development of architectural styles from Aibak to Tuglak are quate evident in the minar. The relief work and even the materials used for construction differ. The 238 feet high Qutub Minar is 47 feet at the base and tapers to 9 feet at the apex. The tower is ornamented by bands of inscriptions and by four projecting balconies supported by elaborately decorated brackets. Even in its ruin, the QUWWAT-UL-ISLAM(Light of Islam) MOSQUE in the Qutub complex is one of the most magnificent in the world.

The main mosque comprises an inner and outer courtyard, of which the inner one is surrounded by an exquisite collonade, the pillars of which the inner one is surrounded by an exquisite collonade, the pillars of which are made of richly decorated shafts. Most of these shafts are from the 27 Hidus temples which were plundered to construct the mosque. Close to the mosque is one of Delhi's most curious structures the Iron Pillar. Dating back to 4th century A.D., the pillar bears an inscription which states that it was erected as a flagstaff in honour of he Hindu god, Vishnu, and in the memory of the Gupta King Chandragupta II(375-413). How the pillar moved to its present location remains a mystery. The pillar also highlights ancient India's achievements in metallurgy. The pillar is made of 98 per cent wrought iron and has stood 1,600 years without rusting or decomposing.

 

Old Forts


The ruins of this fort are located on a small hill which once stood on the bank of the river Yamuna.Legend has it that the fort marked the site of Indraprastha ,the magnificent capital of the Pandavas, though the construction was carried out by Sher Shah Suri any time between 1538 to 1545 A. D. The structure houses a mosque which has a double storeyed octagonal tower. It is said that the Mughal King Humayun fell from the tower accidently and died.

There are three Gates to this fort. Today entrance is through the Bara Darwaza. The South Gate is called the Humayun Darwaza, probably because Humayun built it or because the tomb of Humayun is visible from here. The third gate is the Talaqi Darwaza. Recent excavations in the fort has revealed painted grey pottery which date back to 1000 BC. Such and many more findings inside the fort have proved the location to be inhabited since the early civilizations. In fact there was a village inside the fort till 1913 called Indrapat which is very close to Indraprastha adding credibility to the theory of Mahabharata having taken place here.

Inside the fort Qila Kuhna Masjid which is one of the finest example of architectural style being used in those days. The Masjid was built by Sher Shah in 1541 and it seems that there was an attempt to build the whole structure in Marble. But the scarcity of marble forced the use of Redsand stone. This mixture was accidental forced or intended we do not know, nevertheless the combination adds a different look to the structure. The inner west wall of the Masjid has five arched openings and which are richly ornamented in white and black marbles.

At the foot of the hill is the lake where the Delhi Tourism has arrangements for boating and also organises a Sound and Light Show.



Bahai Temple / Lotus Temple, Delhi


Lotus Temple or Bahai Temple is a very recent architectural marval of the Bahai faith and is visible from several spots in south delhi. Located in Kalkaji in the south of Delhi. It is Lotus shaped and has rightly been given the name.

Visited by over four million people, annually, it is crystallization of aspirations of Baha'i followers in over 200 countries. This temple signifies the purity and the universality of the lord and the equality of all religion.

The temple is designed to make people conscious about the beauty of life. For, life's beauty can be preserved, rising as the lotus out of swampy slime, clean and perfect - a manifestation of god.

It is one of the architectural land marks of modern DELHI. It is made up of marble,cement dolomite, and sand.

 

Jantar Mantar, Delhi


Jantar Mantar is an astronomical observatory with masonary instruments, built in 1724 by Jai Singh, the mathematician and astronomer king. The Samrat and Yantra supreme instrument, the largest structure shaped like a right-angled triangle, is actually a huge sun-dial; the other five instruments are intented to show the movements of the sun, moon etc.

 

 

 

Safdarjung Tomb, Delhi


Representing the last phase of the Mughal style of architecture, Safdarjung's Tomb stands in the centre of an extensive garden. Built in 1753 by Nawab Shauja-ud-Daula to house the remains of his father, who was a minister in the Mughal Court, the tomb is referred to as the "Last flicker in the lamp of Mughal Architecture".The tomb stands on a high terrace surrounded by an extensive walled garden. It makes a pleasant retreat from the urban bustle. It's short walk from Lodi Garden.



Birla Mandir, Delhi


Near to Connaught Place, this garish modern temple was erected by the industrialist B.D. Birla in 1938. It is dedicated to Lakshmi, the goddess of prosperity and good fortune, and is commonly known as Birla Mandir or Lakshmi Narayan Temple.

The temple is an important prayer site and contains idols of several deities . Interestingly Mahatama Gandhi who inaugurated the temple was also a regular visitor to it and would often pray there.

 

Dilli Haat, Delhi


A delightful amalgam of crafts, foods and cultures. Dilli Haat is the first ever permanent fair for crafts, regional foods and cultural activities in India spread over a six acre and situated in the heart of the city.

Dilli Haat is an upgraded variance of 'traditional-haat'. The craftsmen from all over India and the cultural activities provide a panoramic view of the richness traditions and culture as well as regional cuisine.

 

Rashtrapati Bhavan (President palace)


The President of India lives here. The distance from the tourist office on Janpath is 1.06 kms. The building has been constructed by the British on the foot of Raisina Hill on 330 acres of land. It was built in 1929 as the residence of the British Viceroy, on plans prepared by Sir Edwin Lutyens. The main dome resembles Buddhist Stupas and the corridors are like those of Hindu Temple. The two Secretariat i.e., the Rajya Sabha and the LokSabha are in the circular plan, as designed 1w Sir Herbert Baker. The Moghul Gardens of the Rashtrapati Bhawan are must charming. The fountains and wealth of flowers make the winter delightful. Tourists can go inside if they secure permission from the President s Military Secretary. The Gardens are open to the Public in January and February. No permission is required then. The President s House in illuminated on special occasions.

 

National Museum



The National Museum, located on Janpath, south of Rajpath, has a good collection of Indian bronzes, terracotta and wood sculptures dating back to the Mauryan period ( 2nd-3rd century BC), exhibits from the Vijayanagar period in south India, miniature and mural paintings, and costumes of various tribal people. The museum is definitely worth visiting and is open Tuesday to Sunday from 10 am to 5 pm. There are film shows most days of the week.

 

Iskon Temple, Delhi


Completed in 1998, this is a complex of temples. Built on a hilly place this temple is dedicated to the Lord Krishna and was built by the Hare-Rama Hare-Krishna cult followers.This complex is elegantly build and is one of the largest temple complexes in India . Currently the main attraction of the temple are the Robort who enact and preach the Gita.

 

VIJAYGHAT


This is the shrine to the memory of India s second Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri, whose last rites were performed here in 1966. These three National memorials stand side by side, Indian and foreign travellers come here. It is lovely place for evening and morning walks

 

Raj Ghat


The distance from town is 4kms. The unforgettable shrine of the New India lies between Ferozshah Kotla field and Red Fort on the bank of the Jamuna river. The last rites of the father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi, were performed here in 1947. The shrine bears this memory. Small and great, Indian and foreigners, all visitors to India come here to pay their respects. The Gandhi Memorial Museum beside Rajghat is worth seeing

Some other places worth visiting in Delhi.


Delhi Zoo

Connaught Place

The National Museum

Mughal Garden

The Railway Museum

Pragati Midan

Appu Ghar

Badkal Lake

Kalindi Kunj

Suraj Kund

Tin Murti

Nehru Planetarium

 


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